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詩歌翻譯:莊子-《古代寓言·井蛙》英文譯文

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寓言是一種歷史悠久而生命力強大的古老文體,雖多形制短小,卻有豐厚的內涵。中國古代寓言大多數以人物故事為載體,說理深刻透辟,包含許多人生智慧。中國先秦時期寓言創作最為興盛,不少寓言作者是世界一流的思想家?!肚f子》、《列子》中的寓言,想象飛馳,語言富麗,表現了道家重道、貴虛、齊物、逍遙的思想;《韓非子》中的寓言,文字簡潔準確,表現了法家因時變法、嚴刑峻法的主張;《戰國策》中的寓言,手法鋪張,氣勢宏偉,針對外交、內政、軍事方面的大事,隨機應變,往往能夠收到化險為夷的效果?!洞笾腥A文庫·中國古代寓言選(漢英對照)》從這些先秦著名典籍中編選了許多寓言,同時還收錄了后世其他寓言佳作,共選取121篇作品。它們流傳廣,飽含智慧,對文學創作和語言的發展影響很大?!洞笾腥A文庫·中國古代寓言選(漢英對照)》英譯者為著名文學翻譯家楊憲益、戴乃迭先生。

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《古代寓言·井蛙》

坎井之蛙謂東海之鱉曰:“吾樂與!出跳梁乎井幹之上,入休乎缺甃之崖;赴水則接腋持頤,蹶泥則沒足滅跗;還虷蟹與蝌蚪,莫吾能若也。且夫擅一壑之水,而跨跱坎井之樂,此亦至矣。夫子奚不時來入觀乎?”
東海之鱉左足未入,而右膝已扎矣。于是逡巡而卻,告之海曰:“夫千里之遠,不足以舉其大;千仞之高,不足以極其深。禹之時,十年九潦,而水弗為加益;湯之時,八年七旱,而崖不為加損。夫不為頃久推移,不以多少進退者,此亦東海之大樂也?!?br />于是,坎井之蛙聞之,適適然驚,規規然自失也。
——《莊子》


The Frog in the Well
A frog lived in a shallow well.
"Look how well off I am here!" he told a big turtle from the Easton Ocean. "I can hop along the coping of the well when I go out, and rest by a crevice in the bricks on my return. I can wallow to my heart's content with only my head above water, or stroll ankle deep through soft mud. No crabs or tadpoles can compare with me. I am master of the water and lord of this shallow well. What more can a fellow ask? Why don't you come here more often to have a good time?"
Before the turtle from the Eastern Ocean could get his left foot into the well, however, he caught his right claw on something. So he halted and stepped back, then began to describe the ocean to the frog.
"It's more than a thousand li across and more than ten thousand feet deep. In ancient times there were floods nine years out of ten yet the water in the ocean never increased. And later there were droughts seven years out of eight yet the water in the ocean never grew less. It has remained quite constant throughout the ages. That is why I like to live in the Eastern Ocean."
Then the frog in the shallow well was silent and felt a little abashed.
Zhuang Zi


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重點單詞   查看全部解釋    
constant ['kɔnstənt]

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adj. 經常的,不變的
n. 常數,恒量

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turtle ['tə:tl]

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n. 海龜

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describe [dis'kraib]

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vt. 描述,畫(尤指幾何圖形),說成

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claw [klɔ:]

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n. 爪,鉗,螯,爪狀物
v. 抓,撕

 
shallow ['ʃæləu]

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adj. 淺的,薄的
n. 淺灘,淺處

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stroll [strəul]

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n. 閑逛,漫步
v. 閑逛,漫步

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abashed

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adj. 不安的;窘迫的;尷尬的

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